January Garden Calendar

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Plants in Flower & Plants of Interest

  • Witch hazel, Daphne odora, Hellebores, hollies, Pyracantha, Washington Hawthorne
  • Indoors: Amaryllis, Cyclamen, Poinsettia

image of Washington Hawthorne

Washington Hawthorne

image of hellebore

Hellebore sp.

image of a red pearl Amaryllis

Red Pearl Amaryllis

image of Cyclamen



  • Use wood ashes on your vegetable garden, bulb beds, and non-acid loving plants if the pH of the soil is below 6.0


  • Plant asparagus crowns from mid-Jan to mid-March (late winter) when soil is dry enough to work and after the chance of a hard freeze has passed


  • Prune broken and undesired limbs on your shade trees
  • Remove “weed” or undesirable trees from your landscape

Lawn Care

  • Mulch tree leaves in the yard or collect to place around the base of your trees or in your flower beds
  • Slow-release fertilizers may be applied on cool-season lawns


  • Keep an eye on winter annual weeds like henbit, chickweed, and hairy bittercress (now thru early spring)
  • Spray on warmer days when temperatures are above 55°F
    • Herbicides containing dicamba, 2,4-D, MCPP usually work for tall fescue lawns, but be sure to check the label for proper application method and rate, timing, and target weed and lawn species to make sure that product is right for the job
    • Many weeds are tough to control and may need multiple applications in 10 to 14-day intervals, depending on the product

image of Henbit


image of deadnettle


image of chickweed


image of Hairy bittercress

Hairy bittercress


  • Hardwood cuttings of many landscape plants like forsythia (yellow bells), flowering quince, weigela, crape myrtle, juniper, spirea and hydrangea can be taken this month.

Specific Chores

  • Care for holiday house plants like poinsettia, amaryllis, Christmas cactus, gloxinia and cyclamen.
  • Order fruit trees and small fruit for a mid-March planting. Call your Extension office to place an order through our spring plant sale!
  • Contact the Extension Center to find out the recommended small fruit varieties.
  • Study your landscape to see what additions or improvements can be made this spring.
  • Visit your local Extension Center for landscape and garden information.
  • Prepare a spot in the vegetable garden for early spring vegetables like English peas, cabbage, carrots, onions, Irish potatoes, radishes, rutabagas, spinach and turnips.
  • Study your seed catalogs and check for the All-American Selections of flowers and vegetables.