February Garden Calendar

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Plants in flower and those of interest:

Figure 1: Helleborus sp.

Figure 2: Camellia sp.

Figure 3: Crocus sp.

 cartoon of snow covered grown and homeowner saying take that aphids.

Planting:

  • First week in February start broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower plants inside
  • Plant English peas, onions, Irish potatoes, radishes, rutabagas, spinach, kale, turnips, and carrots the last week of Feb
  • Plant asparagus crowns when soil is dry enough to work
  • Plant fruit trees, blueberry bushes, and grape vines while dormant before buds open

Fertilizing:

  • Shade trees can be fertilized
  • Fertilize emerging spring flower bulbs
  • Spread wood ashes around the vegetable garden, flowering bulb beds, and non-acid loving plants if pH is below 6.0

Pruning:

  • Prune bunch grapes and muscadines

Figure 4: Pruning Muscadines

  • Prune established blueberries this month: cut out 3 to 4 of the largest, oldest canes. Crossing, diseased and low hanging branches should also be removed. Prune after the plants have shed their leaves but before flower buds begin to open (Dec-March).

Figure 5: Pruning young and established blueberries

  • Trim ornamental grasses like liriope, Mondo grass, and pampas grass (a weed eater will work perfect!)
  • Cut back any overgrown shrubs like: Ligustrum (privet), Osmanthus, red-tipped photinia, holly, boxwood, cleyera, junipers, etc.
  • Prune summer flowing shrubs like: Crape myrtle, Rose of Sharon (Althea), Eleagnus, and butterfly bush
  • Prune camellias any time after blooming. Never Prune these after the end of May
  • Prune fruit trees such as apples, cherry, nectarine, peach, pear, and plum while dormant, before buds open
  • Remove or destroy pruned leaves, branches, and clippings to prevent disease problems
  • Cut back and remove any browned foliage from tender perennials

Spraying:

  • Peach and nectarine trees need to be sprayed with a fungicide to prevent leaf curl
  • Spray all fruit trees with dormant oil to help eliminate some insects (after pruning)

Lawn Care:

  • Cool season lawns like tall fescue should be fertilized. Follow soil test results
  • Control wild onion in your lawn with spot sprays of a recommended herbicide
  • Apply crabgrass preventer to cool season grasses

Propagation:

  • Divide perennials like daylily and shasty daisy when the ground is dry enough
  • Hardwood cuttings of many landscape plants like Crape Myrtle, flowering Quince, forsythia, hydrangea, juniper, spirea, and weigela can be taken this month

Specific Chores:

  • Clean out bluebird boxes
  • Order flowers for your sweetie – Happy Valentine’s Day!
  • Develop a vegetable and landscape plan for your home grounds
  • Order fruit trees, shrubs, and other edible plants from the Extension Office!
  • Bring cut branches of forsythia, winter honeysuckle, spirea, and quince inside. Place branches in water-filled vases to enjoy early blooms