February Garden Calendar

— Written By
en Español

El inglés es el idioma de control de esta página. En la medida en que haya algún conflicto entre la traducción al inglés y la traducción, el inglés prevalece.

Al hacer clic en el enlace de traducción se activa un servicio de traducción gratuito para convertir la página al español. Al igual que con cualquier traducción por Internet, la conversión no es sensible al contexto y puede que no traduzca el texto en su significado original. NC State Extension no garantiza la exactitud del texto traducido. Por favor, tenga en cuenta que algunas aplicaciones y/o servicios pueden no funcionar como se espera cuando se traducen.

English is the controlling language of this page. To the extent there is any conflict between the English text and the translation, English controls.

Clicking on the translation link activates a free translation service to convert the page to Spanish. As with any Internet translation, the conversion is not context-sensitive and may not translate the text to its original meaning. NC State Extension does not guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. Please note that some applications and/or services may not function as expected when translated.

Collapse ▲

Plants in flower and those of interest:

Figure 1: Helleborus sp.

Figure 2: Camellia sp.

Figure 3: Crocus sp.

 cartoon of snow covered grown and homeowner saying take that aphids.


  • First week in February start broccoli, cabbage, and cauliflower plants inside
  • Plant English peas, onions, Irish potatoes, radishes, rutabagas, spinach, kale, turnips, and carrots the last week of Feb
  • Plant asparagus crowns when soil is dry enough to work
  • Plant fruit trees, blueberry bushes, and grape vines while dormant before buds open


  • Shade trees can be fertilized
  • Fertilize emerging spring flower bulbs
  • Spread wood ashes around the vegetable garden, flowering bulb beds, and non-acid loving plants if pH is below 6.0


  • Prune bunch grapes and muscadines

Figure 4: Pruning Muscadines

  • Prune established blueberries this month: cut out 3 to 4 of the largest, oldest canes. Crossing, diseased and low hanging branches should also be removed. Prune after the plants have shed their leaves but before flower buds begin to open (Dec-March).

Figure 5: Pruning young and established blueberries

  • Trim ornamental grasses like liriope, Mondo grass, and pampas grass (a weed eater will work perfect!)
  • Cut back any overgrown shrubs like: Ligustrum (privet), Osmanthus, red-tipped photinia, holly, boxwood, cleyera, junipers, etc.
  • Prune summer flowing shrubs like: Crape myrtle, Rose of Sharon (Althea), Eleagnus, and butterfly bush
  • Prune camellias any time after blooming. Never Prune these after the end of May
  • Prune fruit trees such as apples, cherry, nectarine, peach, pear, and plum while dormant, before buds open
  • Remove or destroy pruned leaves, branches, and clippings to prevent disease problems
  • Cut back and remove any browned foliage from tender perennials


  • Peach and nectarine trees need to be sprayed with a fungicide to prevent leaf curl
  • Spray all fruit trees with dormant oil to help eliminate some insects (after pruning)

Lawn Care:

  • Cool season lawns like tall fescue should be fertilized. Follow soil test results
  • Control wild onion in your lawn with spot sprays of a recommended herbicide
  • Apply crabgrass preventer to cool season grasses


  • Divide perennials like daylily and shasty daisy when the ground is dry enough
  • Hardwood cuttings of many landscape plants like Crape Myrtle, flowering Quince, forsythia, hydrangea, juniper, spirea, and weigela can be taken this month

Specific Chores:

  • Clean out bluebird boxes
  • Order flowers for your sweetie – Happy Valentine’s Day!
  • Develop a vegetable and landscape plan for your home grounds
  • Order fruit trees, shrubs, and other edible plants from the Extension Office!
  • Bring cut branches of forsythia, winter honeysuckle, spirea, and quince inside. Place branches in water-filled vases to enjoy early blooms